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Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation

The Colville reservation was established April 19, 1872 east of the Columbia River by the executive order signed by President Ulysses S. Grant. The boundaries were changed July 2, 1872. Chiefs Moses and Joseph bands moved onto the Reservation in the 1880's which caused anguish among Sapoils and Nespelems, the originals of the reservation. On May 23, 1891 Okanagons, Sinkisuses, Nez Perces, Colvilles and Seijextees agreed to sell 1.5 million acres, north half of res., to the United States for $1.5 million. However, was never ratified by the United States Senate. The North half of the reservation was opened to the public domain and opened for mineral entry by the act of February 20, 1896. The Confederated Tribes were not paid. July 1, 1898 the South half of the reservation was opened to mineral entry. December 1, 1905 350 out of about 551 Indians signed a McLaughin agreement giving United States all rights, title and interest to lands within the reservation in exchange the $1.5 million would be given to them which they hadn't received yet and still didn't get it. In an act of March 22, 1906 it provided allotment of 80 acres for each of the Indians belonging to the reservation. It was amended August 31, 1916 to reserve land for school, mills, cemeteries and missions. In the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934 undiposed lands (818,000 acres) within the reservation were temporarily withdrawn from further disposition or sale by the Department of Interior order of September 19, 1934. Then the act of July 24, 1956 restored ownership to the Tribe. The 1.5 million acres and lands on the South half of the reservation that were never paid for were taken to the Claims Commission for a final judgement and they awarded the Tribe $3.5 million.

The Confederated Tribes of Colville are run by their business Council which derived its powers from their constitution and bylaws. The Council seeks sovereignty in tribal matters which the state and federal have been involved such as law enforcement and protection of water rights.