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Snoqualmie Tribe

The Snoqualmie people have lived in the Snoqualmie River Valley from at least 1844 to present. The Snoqualmie chief, Patkanin signed the Point Elliott Treaty of 1855. The Snoqualmie people were to remove to Tulalip Reservation. Patkanin was buried there. After the signing of the treaty the Snoqualmie people tried to secure a reservation in their ancestral lands by the Tolt River but were not successful. The Snoqualmie people filed a claim to recover lands ceded to the United States under the Point Elliott Treaty. On June 30, 1961 the Indian Claims Commission ruled against the petitioners. The Snoqualmies appealed to the Court of Claims on August 27, 1965 and the court reversed the commission's decision on the issue. On September 23, 1968 the commission entered a final judgment in favor of the Snoqualmies and Skykomishes and offered a settlement of $257,698.29. The Snoqualmie tribe had already received $25,889.75 under the Point Elliott Treaty.

The Snoqualmie tribe received federal recognition just recently in 1999. The Snoqualmie tribe had federal recognition of a government-to-government relationship from 1859 when the U.S. Senate and the President ratified the treaty of Point Elliott to sometime between 1955 and 1961 when they were no longer considered to be an "organized" tribe under jurisdiction of the BIA. The tribe lacked federally reserved land base. To get federally recognized again the tribe showed that the BIA generally recognized that the Federal Government maintained some level of responsibility for Snoqualmie as a result of Point Elliott Treaty. Individual Snoqualmie members were allotted trust lands and given provisions. Also the Tulalip Agency sought to obtain a reservation for the Snoqualmie in Tolt Valley but wasn't successful. These were just some things to show how the tribe won federal recognition.